Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
effects_of_family_structure_on_government_dependency [2015/10/14 12:00]
cordell [1. Food Stamp Recipiency]
effects_of_family_structure_on_government_dependency [2017/05/23 10:36] (current)
marri
Line 1: Line 1:
 ==========Effects of Family Structure on Government Dependency========== ==========Effects of Family Structure on Government Dependency==========
  
-//Original Research//: [[http://​marri.us/​policy-2013|U.S. Social Policy Dependence on the Family]] +To assess the role of family structure on [[effects_of_family_structure_on_policy_outcomes|policy outcomes]], Dr. Henry Potrykus and Dr. Patrick Fagan of the Marriage and Religion Research Institute developed empirical models determining the influence of explanatory variables on various outcomes across the geographic-demographic areas of the U.S. These geographic-demographic areas are the Super Public Use Microdata Areas constructed by the U.S. Census. Potrykus and Fagan conclude that family structure //always// has a beneficial influence on policy outcomes. Family structure is a key factor in the amount of government dependency in a particular area. 
- +
-To assess the role of family structure on policy outcomes, Dr. Henry Potrykus and Dr. Patrick Fagan of the Marriage and Religion Research Institute developed empirical models determining the influence of explanatory variables on various outcomes across the geographic-demographic areas of the U.S. These geographic-demographic areas are the Super Public Use Microdata Areas constructed by the U.S. Census. Potrykus and Fagan conclude that family structure //always// has a beneficial influence on policy outcomes. Family structure is a key factor in the amount of government dependency in a particular area. +
  
 =====1. Food Stamp Recipiency===== =====1. Food Stamp Recipiency=====
  
-Family intactness and the fraction of high school graduates have similar, strong attenuating influences on food stamp recipiency in a geographic area.+[[effects_of_welfare_on_families|Family intactness]] and the fraction of high school graduates have similar, strong attenuating influences on food stamp recipiency in a geographic area.
  
-College graduate percentages only have a precisely determinable((Precision has no formal meaning. It indicates how clearly determinable (distinguishable from zero) an influence on an outcome is. Precision is comparable to standard deviation. Lowno precision indicates a high standard of deviation in which data points spread over a large range of value, signifying that the influence of one variable over another is relatively uncertain. High precision indicates a low standard of deviation in which data points hover around the mean, signifying that the influence of one variable over another is relatively certain. For further elaboration see [[http://​marri.frc.org/get.cfm?​i=RS11E03| “Marriage and Economic Well-Being: The Economy of the Family Rises or Falls with Marriage”]])) influence when income is not controlled for. Otherwise, this influence is indeterminate.+College graduate percentages only have a precisely determinable((Precision has no formal meaning. It indicates how clearly determinable (distinguishable from zero) an influence on an outcome is. Precision is comparable to standard deviation. Low no precision indicates a high standard of deviation in which data points spread over a large range of value, signifying that the influence of one variable over another is relatively uncertain. High precision indicates a low standard of deviation in which data points hover around the mean, signifying that the influence of one variable over another is relatively certain. For further elaboration see [[http://​marri.us/​research/​research-papers/​marriage-and-economic-well-being-the-economy-of-the-family-rises-or-falls-with-marriage/| “Marriage and Economic Well-Being: The Economy of the Family Rises or Falls with Marriage”]])) influence when income is not controlled for. Otherwise, this influence is indeterminate.
  
-The percent of the population that is black does enhance food stamp recipiency, albeit modestly, and this cannot be determined with great precision. The fraction of the population that is Hispanic, in contrast, has no precisely determined influence on food stamp recipiency (which is measured to be attenuating).+The percent of the population that is black does enhance food stamp recipiency, albeit modestlythis enhancement ​cannot be determined with great precision. The fraction of the population that is Hispanic, in contrast, has no precisely determined influence on food stamp recipiency (which is measured to be attenuating).
  
 Income level, of course, has an attenuating influence on food stamp recipiency. Income level, of course, has an attenuating influence on food stamp recipiency.
Line 23: Line 21:
 Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) primarily supports low-income women and their children. Included in the welfare income variable are also state General Assistance programs. Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) primarily supports low-income women and their children. Included in the welfare income variable are also state General Assistance programs.
  
-Family intactness in the geographic area has both the largest and most precise influence on average welfare transfers in that geographic area. This influence is to attenuate those transfers, across all specifications,​ including when controls for earnings are implemented. The influence of high school graduation is similar in direction and magnitude to that of family intactness+[[the_monogamous_family_in_the_social_welfare_state|Family intactness]] in the geographic area has both the largest and most precise influence on average welfare transfers in that geographic area. This influence is to attenuate those transfers, across all specifications,​ including when controls for earnings are implemented. The influence of high school graduation is similar in direction and magnitude to that of family intactness.
- +
-Interestingly,​ race and ethnicity are not important for welfare transfer levels in the conventionally construed way, once family intactness and education levels are accounted for: The fraction of Hispanics in the population has no determinable influence on welfare transfers. A larger fraction of blacks in the local population attenuates welfare receipt levels, with certain controls((See U.S. Social Policy Dependence on the Family for the full report, including all methodological considerations)) active.+
  
-Howeverincreasing urbanicity enhances ​welfare ​paymentspresumably because ​of increased access to welfare ​programs.+Interestinglyrace and ethnicity are not important for welfare ​transfer levels in the way the general public thinksonce family intactness and education levels are accounted for: The fraction ​of Hispanics in the population has no determinable influence on welfare ​transfers. A larger fraction of blacks in the local population attenuates welfare receipt levels, with certain controls((See U.S. Social Policy Dependence on the Family for the full report, including all methodological considerations. 
 +\\ 
 +\\ 
 +\\ 
 +This entry draws heavily from [[http://​marri.us/​research/​research-papers/​u-s-social-policy-dependence-on-the-family/​|U.S. Social Policy Dependence on the Family]].)) active.
  
 +However, increasing urbanicity (i.e., population density) enhances welfare payments, presumably because of increased access to welfare programs.
 =====3. Social Security Disability Income===== =====3. Social Security Disability Income=====
  
Line 67: Line 68:
 The fraction of high school graduates, the fraction of Hispanics, the fraction of college graduates, and the fraction of blacks in the geographic area follow intact families (in decreasing magnitude), all of which (save one) have precisely determined attenuating influences under all controls: The influence of college graduates becomes undeterminable when controls for earnings are applied. The fraction of high school graduates, the fraction of Hispanics, the fraction of college graduates, and the fraction of blacks in the geographic area follow intact families (in decreasing magnitude), all of which (save one) have precisely determined attenuating influences under all controls: The influence of college graduates becomes undeterminable when controls for earnings are applied.
  
-Urbanicity ​(i.e., population density) ​has a positive, less precisely determined influence on average SSI transfers to women aged 25 to 54 with controls applied for demographics,​ education, and earnings.+Urbanicity has a positive, less precisely determined influence on average SSI transfers to women aged 25 to 54 with controls applied for demographics,​ education, and earnings.